Product overview

  • Name
    CNQX disodium salt
  • Short description
    Potent, competitive AMPA / kainate receptor antagonist. Disodium salt.
  • Biological description

    Potent and competitive AMPA and kainate receptor antagonist. Water soluble, disodium salt. Also antagonizes NMDA receptors at the glycine site. Increases GABAA receptor spontaneous postsynaptic currents (sPSCs). Shows neuroprotective actions. CNQX also available.

  • Biological action
    Antagonist
  • Purity
    >99%
  • Customer comments

    The CNQX is going fine ! Verified customer, IBPS, Inserm, CNRS

  • Our products in action

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Properties

  • Chemical name
    6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione disodium
  • Molecular Weight
    276.12
  • Chemical structure
    CNQX disodium salt  [479347-85-8]
  • Molecular Formula
    C9H2N4O4Na2
  • CAS Number
    479347-85-8
  • PubChem identifier
    2821
  • SMILES
    C1=C(C(=CC2=C1N=C(C(=N2)[O-])[O-])[N+](=O)[O-])C#N.[Na+].[Na+]
  • Source
    Synthetic
  • InChi
    InChI=1S/C9H4N4O4.2Na/c10-3-4-1-5-6(2-7(4)13(16)17)12-9(15)8(14)11-5;;/h1-2H,(H,11,14)(H,12,15);;/q;2*+1/p-2
  • InChiKey
    YCXDDPGRZKUGDG-UHFFFAOYSA-L
  • MDL number
    MFCD09953908
  • Appearance
    Brown or yellow solid

Applications

  • Application notes

    The AMPA receptor antagonist CNQX disodium salt is commonly used at concentrations of 10 μM to inhibit the actions of glutamate acting on AMPARs.

    CNQX disodium salt from Hello Bio reduces both spontaneous and evoked EPSCs in cortical neurons at concentrations of 1 μM with full AMPA receptor blockade at 10 μM (see Fig 1 above).

     

    #Protocol 1: Evoked and spontaneous excitatory post synaptic currents (EPSCs)

    • Whole cell voltage clamp recordings were obtained from layer V neurons of the mouse prelimbic cortex brain slice.
    •  EPSCs were evoked via a stimulating electrode placed in layers II/III delivering a single square (150 μs) pulse every 10 sec at an intensity that gave a reliable EPSC.
    • Neurons were held at -70 to -60 mV (the reversal potential of GABA currents). EPSCs were continuously stimulated and recorded in response to 5 min applications of varying concentrations of CNQX disodium salt until complete receptor inhibition.
    • Spontaneous EPSCs were recorded before and after addition of CNQX disodium salt by holding the neuron at -70 mV and recording for 10 sec.
    • Recordings for EPSCs were made in the absence of GABAA-R antagonists.

Storing and Using Your Product

  • Storage instructions
    Room temperature (desiccate)
  • Solubility overview
    Soluble in water (20mM)

References for CNQX disodium salt

  • 6,7-Dinitro-quinoxaline-2,3-dion and 6-nitro,7-cyano-quinoxaline-2,3-dion antagonise responses to NMDA in the rat spinal cord via an action at the strychnine-insensitive glycine receptor.

    Birch PJ et al (1988) Eur J Pharmacol 156(1) : 177-80.
    PubMedID: 2905271
  • The calpain inhibitor MDL-28170 and the AMPA/KA receptor antagonist CNQX inhibit neurofilament degradation and enhance neuronal survival in kainic acid-treated hippocampal slice cultures.

    Lopez-Picon FR et al (2006) Eur J Neurosci 23(10) : 2686-94.
    PubMedID: 16817871
  • 6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) increases GABAA receptor-mediated spontaneous postsynaptic currents in the dentate granule cells of rat hippocampal slices.

    Hashimoto Y et al (2004) Neurosci Lett 358(1) : 33-6.
    PubMedID: 15016428
  • Pharmacological characterization of glutamatergic agonists and antagonists at recombinant human homomeric and heteromeric kainate receptors in vitro.

    Alt et al (2004) Neuropharmacology 46(6) : 793-806
    PubMedID: 15033339

Reviews

  • Verified customer, IBPS, Inserm, CNRS

    The CNQX is going fine !