(-)-Bicuculline methochloride

(HB0895)

Product overview

  • Name
    (-)-Bicuculline methochloride
  • Short description
    Prototypic, competitive GABAA receptor antagonist
  • Biological description

    Methochloride salt form of (+)-bicuculline.


    Prototypic, competitive GABAA receptor antagonist which displaces GABA from the agonist binding site to prevent receptor activation. 

    Also acts as a negative allosteric inhibitor of channel opening to inhibit GABAA receptor activation by anaesthetic agents.


    Additionally shows activity at SK calcium-activated potassium channels, nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and acetylcholinesterase.


    Reversibly and competitively blocks GABAA receptor mediated currents. Widely used to isolate glutamate receptor mediated EPSCs (excitatory postsynaptic potentials).


    Shows convulsant action and induces epilepsy.

    Freebase, methiodide and methobromide salts also available.

  • Alternative names
    BIC
  • Biological action
    Antagonist
  • Purity
    >98%
  • Citations

Images

Properties

  • Chemical name
    [R-(R*,S*)]-5-(6,8-Dihydro-8-oxofuro[3,4-e]-1,3-benzodioxol-6-yl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro- 6,6-dimethyl-1,3-dioxolo[4,5-g]isoquinolinium chloride
  • Molecular Weight
    417.85
  • Chemical structure
    (-)-Bicuculline methochloride  [53552-05-9]
  • Molecular Formula
    C21H20ClNO6
  • CAS Number
    53552-05-9
  • PubChem identifier
    44134574
  • SMILES
    C[N+]1(CCC2=CC3=C(C=C2C1C4C5=C(C6=C(C=C5)OCO6)C(=O)O4)OCO3)C.[Cl-]
  • Source
    Synthetic
  • InChi
    InChI=1S/C21H20NO6.ClH/c1-22(2)6-5-11-7-15-16(26-9-25-15)8-13(11)18(22)19-12-3-4-14-20(27-10-24-14)17(12)21(23)28-19;/h3-4,7-8,18-19H,5-6,9-10H2,1-2H3;1H/q+1;/p-1
  • InChiKey
    RLJKFAMYSYWMND-UHFFFAOYSA-M
  • MDL number
    MFCD00055233
  • Appearance
    Green solid

Applications

  • Application notes

    The GABAA receptor antagonist bicuculline is commonly used to reduce levels of inhibition by blocking the actions of the neurotransmitter GABA. It is commonly used at concentrations of 100 μM and above. Bicuculline methochloride from Hello Bio reduces both spontaneous inhibitory post synaptic currents (IPSC) and evoked IPSCs (see Fig 1 above). It was effective at 1 μM with complete receptor blockade at 100 μM.

     

    #Protocol 1: Evoked and spontaneous inhibitory post synaptic currents (IPSCs)

    • Whole cell voltage clamp recordings were obtained from layer V neurons of the mouse prelimbic cortex brain slice.
    • A stimulating electrode was placed in layers II/III and IPSCs were evoked by a single square (150 μs) pulse every 10 sec at a stimulus intensity that gave a reliable IPSC.
    • IPSCs were evoked at a range of neuron holding voltages to measure the reversal potential of the current to ensure it was GABAergic.
    • Neurons were held at 0mV and IPSCs continuously stimulated and recorded in response to 5 min applications of varying concentrations of Bicuculline methochloride until complete receptor inhibition.
    • Spontaneous IPSCs were recorded before and after addition of Bicuculline methochloride by holding the neuron at 0mV and recording for 10 sec.
    • All recordings for IPSCs were made in the presence of AMPAR antagonists.

Storing and Using Your Product

  • Storage instructions
    Room temperature
  • Solubility overview
    Soluble in water (100mM)
  • Important
    This product is for RESEARCH USE ONLY and is not intended for therapeutic or diagnostic use. Not for human or veterinary use.

References for (-)-Bicuculline methochloride

  • Advantages of an antagonist: bicuculline and other GABA antagonists.

    Johnston GA (2013) Br J Pharmacol 169(2) : 328-36.
    PubMedID: 23425285
  • Differential effects of iontophoretic in vivo application of the GABA(A)-antagonists bicuculline and gabazine in sensory cortex.

    Kurt S et al (2006) Hear Res 212(1-2) : 224-35.
    PubMedID: 16442250
  • [Bicuculline inhibits airway remodeling in a murine model of chronic asthma].

    Zhu T et al (2010) Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 30(4) : 842-6.
    PubMedID: 20423862
The following papers have cited the use of (-)-Bicuculline methochloride (HB0895) from Hello Bio. If you have published a paper using this product, and it is not shown here, then please tell us! We will send you a free gift as a thank you!
  • Neurotoxicity of propofol on rat hypoglossal motoneurons in vitro.

    Monni et al(2017) Neurosci Lett S0304-3940(17) : 30531-1
    PubMedID: 28676256
  • Propofol protects rat hypoglossal motoneurons in an in vitro model of excitotoxicity by boosting GABAergic inhibition and reducing oxidative stress

    Ghezzi et al (2017) Neuroscience pii: S0306-4522(17)30747-9. : doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.201
    PubMedID: 29069620
  • Limiting habenular hyperactivity ameliorates maternal separation-driven depressive-like symptoms.

    Tchenio et al(2017) Nat Commun 8(1) : 1135
    PubMedID: 29074844

Reviews & Product Guides

Reviews

  • Verified customer, ENS Research University Paris

    We used to use (-)-Bicuculline methochloride from another company, this one is much cheaper and works very well.
  • Verified customer, University of Bristol

    I purchase (-)-Bicuculline methochloride from Hello Bio and use it in our experiments to block GABAA receptors